Day 
d 
Day of the month, 2 digits with leading zeros 
01 to 31 
D 
A textual representation of a day, three letters 
Mon through Sun 
j 
Day of the month without leading zeros 
1 to 31 
l (lowercase 'L') 
A full textual representation of the day of the week 
Sunday through Saturday 
N 
ISO 8601 numeric representation of the day of the week 
1 (for Monday) through 7 (for Sunday) 
S 
English ordinal suffix for the day of the month, 2 characters 
st , nd , rd or
th . Works well with j

w 
Numeric representation of the day of the week 
0 (for Sunday) through 6 (for Saturday) 
z 
The day of the year (starting from 0) 
0 through 365 
Week 
W 
ISO 8601 week number of year, weeks starting on Monday 
Example: 42 (the 42nd week in the year) 
Month 
F 
A full textual representation of a month, such as January or March 
January through December 
m 
Numeric representation of a month, with leading zeros 
01 through 12 
M 
A short textual representation of a month, three letters 
Jan through Dec 
n 
Numeric representation of a month, without leading zeros 
1 through 12 
t 
Number of days in the given month 
28 through 31 
Year 
L 
Whether it's a leap year 
1 if it is a leap year, 0 otherwise. 
o 
ISO 8601 weeknumbering year. This has the same value as
Y , except that if the ISO week number
(W ) belongs to the previous or next year, that year
is used instead. 
Examples: 1999 or 2003 
X 
An expanded full numeric representation of a year, at least 4 digits,
with  for years BCE, and +
for years CE. 
Examples: 0055 , +0787 ,
+1999 , +10191 
x 
An expanded full numeric representation if requried, or a
standard full numeral representation if possible (like
Y ). At least four digits. Years BCE are prefixed
with a  . Years beyond (and including)
10000 are prefixed by a
+ . 
Examples: 0055 , 0787 ,
1999 , +10191 
Y 
A full numeric representation of a year, at least 4 digits,
with  for years BCE. 
Examples: 0055 , 0787 ,
1999 , 2003 ,
10191 
y 
A two digit representation of a year 
Examples: 99 or 03 
Time 
a 
Lowercase Ante meridiem and Post meridiem 
am or pm 
A 
Uppercase Ante meridiem and Post meridiem 
AM or PM 
B 
Swatch Internet time 
000 through 999 
g 
12hour format of an hour without leading zeros 
1 through 12 
G 
24hour format of an hour without leading zeros 
0 through 23 
h 
12hour format of an hour with leading zeros 
01 through 12 
H 
24hour format of an hour with leading zeros 
00 through 23 
i 
Minutes with leading zeros 
00 to 59 
s 
Seconds with leading zeros 
00 through 59 
u 
Microseconds. Note that
date() will always generate
000000 since it takes an int
parameter, whereas DateTime::format() does
support microseconds if DateTime was
created with microseconds.

Example: 654321 
v 
Milliseconds. Same note applies as for
u .

Example: 654 
Timezone 
e 
Timezone identifier 
Examples: UTC , GMT , Atlantic/Azores 
I (capital i) 
Whether or not the date is in daylight saving time 
1 if Daylight Saving Time, 0 otherwise. 
O 
Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) without colon between hours and minutes 
Example: +0200 
P 
Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) with colon between hours and minutes 
Example: +02:00 
p 
The same as P , but returns Z instead of +00:00
(available as of PHP 8.0.0)

Examples: Z or +02:00 
T 
Timezone abbreviation, if known; otherwise the GMT offset. 
Examples: EST , MDT , +05 
Z 
Timezone offset in seconds. The offset for timezones west of UTC is always
negative, and for those east of UTC is always positive. 
43200 through 50400 
Full Date/Time 
c 
ISO 8601 date 
20040212T15:19:21+00:00 
r 
» RFC 2822/» RFC 5322 formatted date 
Example: Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200 
U 
Seconds since the Unix Epoch (January 1 1970 00:00:00 GMT) 
See also time() 